We have shown previously in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) kidney that interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) mRNA levels were low under conditions of acute anaesthesia and surgical stress. The reasons for the suppression of IL-6 and TNF gene expression in the SHR were investigated by examining the influence of enhanced beta-adrenergic stimulation, high blood pressure, and renal function (renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, plasma creatinine levels) on renal IL-6 and TNF mRNAs. The experiments were performed by means of the following three studies; (1) SHR and Wistar rats at 4, 7, 9 week old were injected with lipopolysaccaride (LPS), and then a relationship between blood pressure levels and IL-6 and TNF mRNA levels were estimated, (2) isoproterenol and propranolol were administered into SHR and WKY rats, and the levels of IL-6 and TNF mRNA were compared, (3) under condition of anaesthesia and surgical stress, blood pressure and renal functions in SHR were measured, and then the relationships between these factors and IL-6 or TNF mRNA levels were analyzed. Renal IL-6 and TNF mRNAs in SHR remained low even though blood pressure increased with age and there was no significant correlation between IL-6 or TNF mRNA levels and values of blood pressure or renal function under anaesthesia and surgical stress. However, the inhibition of the IL-6 and TNF mRNAs in SHR was prevented by propranolol treatment. These results suggested that suppression of IL-6 and TNF mRNAs in the SHR kidney could be due to overactivity of beta-adrenergic influences which may importantly contribute to the development of hypertension.