Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Johns EJ;
British Journal of Pharmacology
The influence of diltiazem and nifedipine on renal function in the rat.
Optional Fields
The effect of intravenous administration of the calcium-entry blocking drugs, diltiazem and nifedipine, on renal haemodynamic and tubular function was examined in denervated kidneys of pentobarbitone-anaesthetized rats. Infusion of vehicle for the compounds had no effect on renal function which was stable for the duration of the experiments. Diltiazem was infused at 5, 10 and 20 micrograms kg-1 min-1. Blood pressure did not change following 5 micrograms kg-1 min-1 diltiazem but was significantly reduced, by 12 mmHg, after 10 micrograms kg-1 min-1 and by 17 mmHg after 20 micrograms kg-1 min-1. Renal blood flow was not affected by any dose of diltiazem while at the lowest dose of drug, glomerular filtration rate (g.f.r.) was significantly increased, by 24%. Absolute and fractional sodium excretion were increased significantly, 154% and 77% respectively, by 5 micrograms kg-1 min-1 diltiazem, 20% and 24% respectively, by 10 micrograms kg-1 min-1 diltiazem, but were unchanged by 20 micrograms kg-1 min-1. Infusion of nifedipine at 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 micrograms kg-1 min-1 decreased systemic blood pressure by 9, 9 and 20 mmHg, respectively. Renal blood flow was increased (7%) by 1.0 microgram kg-1 min-1 only, while g.f.r. did not change at any dose. Urine flow, absolute and fractional sodium excretions were increased, 127%, 96% and 90% respectively, by 0.5 microgram kg-1 min-1 nifedipine, 127%, 197% and 194% respectively, by 1.0 microgram kg-1 min-1, while these variables remained unchanged by a dose of 2.0 micrograms kg-1 min-1. 6 These data show that doses on diltiazem and nifedipine, which had little or no effect on blood pressure, had minimal actions on renal haemodynamics. However, at 5 and 10 jig kg-1 min- diltiazem and 0.5 and 1.0 jig kg-' min-' nifedipine these compounds exhibited direct tubular actions, causing both a diuresis and natriuresis, while at the highest dose of each drug these actions were masked by a concomitant reduction in blood pressure.
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