Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Winfield, Hannah J.; Cahill, Michael M.; O'Shea, Kevin D.; Pierce, Larry T.; Robert, Thomas; Ruchaud, Sandrine; Bach, Stéphane; Marchand, Pascal; McCarthy, Florence O.
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Synthesis and anticancer activity of novel bisindolylhydroxymaleimide derivatives with potent GSK-3 kinase inhibition
WOS: 8 ()
Optional Fields
Bisindolylmaleimide Kinase screening Maleimide substitution Drug discovery NCI anticancer screen
Synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of novel indole derivatives as anticancer agents is described. A bisindolylmaleimide template has been derived as a versatile pharmacophore with which to pursue chemical diversification. Starting from maleimide, the introduction of an oxygen to the headgroup (hydroxymaleimide) was initially investigated and the bioactivity assessed by screening of kinase inhibitory activity, identifying substituent derived selectivity. Extension of the hydroxymaleimide template to incorporate substitution of the indole nitrogens was next completed and assessed again by kinase inhibition identifying unique selectivity patterns with respect to GSK-3 and CDK kinases. Subsequently, the anticancer activity of bisindolylmaleimides were assessed using the NCI-60 cell screen, disclosing the discovery of growth inhibitory profiles towards a number of cell lines, such as SNB-75 CNS cancer, A498 and UO-31 renal, MDA MB435 melanoma and a panel of leukemia cell lines. The potential for selective kinase inhibition by modulation of this template is evident and will inform future selective clinical candidates.
Grant Details