Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
O'Brien, Rebecca; Buckley, Maria M.; Kelliher, Amy; O'Malley, Dervla
Neurogastroenterology and Motility
PI 3-kinase- and ERK-MAPK-dependent mechanisms underlie Glucagon-Like Peptide-1-mediated activation of Sprague Dawley colonic myenteric neurons
Optional Fields
Circular smooth muscle ERK‐MAPK GLP‐1 receptors Myenteric neurons Voltage‐gated calcium channels
Background: Glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) can modify colonic function, with beneficial effects reported in the functional bowel disorder, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS pathophysiology is characterized by hyper-activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress axis and altered microbial profiles. This study aims to characterize the neuronal and functional effects of GLP-1 in healthy rat colons to aid understanding of its beneficial effects in moderating bowel dysfunction. Methods: Immunofluorescent and calcium imaging of myenteric neurons prepared from Sprague Dawley rat colons was carried out to elucidate the neuromodulatory actions of the GLP-1 receptor agonist, exendin-4 (Ex-4). Colonic contractile activity was assessed using organ bath physiological recordings. Key results: Ex-4 induced an elevation of intracellular calcium arising from store release and influx via voltage-gated calcium channels. Ex-4 activated both ERK-MAPK and PI 3-kinase signaling cascades. Neuronal activation was found to underlie suppression of contractile activity in colonic circular muscle. Although the stress hormone, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) potentiated the neuronal response to Ex-4, and the functional effects of Ex-4 on colonic circular muscle activity were not altered. Conclusions and inferences: Ex-4 evoked neurally regulated suppression of rat colonic circular muscle activity. In myenteric neurons, the neurostimulatory effects of Ex-4 were dependent upon activation of PI 3-kinase and ERK-MAPK signaling cascades. No further change in circular muscle function was noted in the presence of CRF suggesting that stress does not impact on colonic function in health. Further studies in a model of IBS are needed to determine whether mechanisms are modified in the context of bowel dysfunction.
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