Conference Publication Details
Mandatory Fields
Ahearne C.;Chang R.;Walsh B.;Boylan G.;Murray D.
Developmental Neuroscience
Cord Blood IL-16 Is Associated with 3-Year Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Perinatal Asphyxia and Hypoxic-Ischaemic Encephalopathy
Scopus: 7 ()
Optional Fields
Biomarkers Developing brain Hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy Neurodevelopment outcome Perinatal asphyxia Umbilical cord blood
2017 S. Karger AG, Basel. All rights reserved. Activation of the inflammatory pathway is increasingly recognized as an important mechanism of injury following neonatal asphyxia and encephalopathy. This process may contribute to the poor prognosis seen in some cases, despite therapeutic hypothermia. Our group has previously identified raised interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-16, measured in umbilical cord blood at birth, to be predictive of grade of hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Our aim in this study was to examine the ability of these cytokines to predict the 3-year neurodevelopmental outcome in the same cohort. As part of a prospective, longitudinal cohort study set in a single tertiary maternity unit, term infants with biochemical and clinical evidence of perinatal asphyxia were recruited at birth. Umbilical cord blood was collected and analyzed for IL-6 and IL-16 using a Luminex assay. The neurodevelopmental outcome of these infants was assessed at 3 years using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (Edition 3). Early cord blood measurement of IL-6 and IL-16 and long-term outcome were available in 33/69 infants. Median (IQR) IL-16 differentiated infants with a severely abnormal outcome (n = 6) compared to all others (n = 27), (646 [466-1,085] vs. 383.5 [284-494] pg/mL; p = 0.012). IL-16 levels were able to predict a severe outcome with an area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve of 0.827 (95% CI 0.628-1.000; p = 0.014). Levels =514 pg/mL predicted a severe outcome with a sensitivity of 83% and a specificity of 81%. IL-16 also outperformed other routine biochemical markers available at birth for the prediction of severe outcome. APGAR scores at 1 and 10 min were also predictive of a severe outcome (p = 0.022 and p = 0.036, respectively). A combination of IL-16 with these clinical markers did not improve predictive value, but IL-16 combined with electroencephalogram grading increased the area under the ROC curve. IL-6 did not show any association with 3-year outcome. This is the first report studying the association of IL-16 measured at birth with long-term outcome in a cohort of neonates with perinatal asphyxia. IL-16 may be an early biomarker of severe injury and aid in the long-term prognostication in infants with HIE.
Grant Details