Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Connolly C.;O’Donoghue K.;Doran H.;McCarthy F.
Obstetric Medicine
Infective endocarditis in pregnancy: Case report and review of the literature
Scopus: 3 ()
Optional Fields
Infective endocarditis
© The Author(s) 2015 Reprints and permissions: Infective endocarditis in pregnancy is associated with high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality and is estimated to complicate approximately 1 in 100,000 pregnancies. We report the case of a 33-year-old patient who presented at 30 weeks and 3 days gestation in her third pregnancy. The patient described a 3 week history of feeling generally unwell, an episode of temporary speech disturbance, right shoulder tip pain, left subscapular pain on inspiration and chest discomfort. Investigations included an echocardiogram, which revealed a large mobile mass on the aortic coronary cusp and a small mass on the non-coronary cusp. There was significant aortic regurgitation. Blood cultures were positive for staphylococcus lugdunensis. A diagnosis of infective endocarditis was made. The patient deteriorated, with worsening cardiac function, and proceeded to have a caesarean section on day 7 of admission. Her baby had multiple limb abnormalities, subsequently diagnosed as arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Aortic valve replacement with a mechanical valve was then performed on day 3 post partum. The patient recovered well post operatively and was discharged home with her baby on day 45 post partum. The commonest complications of IE are congestive cardiac failure, perivalvular extension and systemic embolization. The management of infective endocarditis in pregnancy is similar to that of the non-pregnant however there is high foetal mortality associated with cardiopulmonary by-pass for cardiac surgery. The patient described here developed staphylococcus lugdunensis infective endocarditis, which is a rare but aggressive causative organism in infective endocarditis. Infective endocarditis in pregnancy is a rare but serious condition with significant fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis with a multidisciplinary team approach is essential to improve outcomes.
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