Objectives To synthesise findings from qualitative studies on the preferences of people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for self-management support. Methods A thematic synthesis of literature was carried out. Six databases (ASSIA, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Psychology and the Behavioural Sciences and SSCI) were used to search for qualitative studies eliciting perspectives of adults with asthma and/or COPD on self-management support, published between May 2008 and April 2018. Results A total of 968 articles were retrieved across databases, with 15 articles included in the synthesis. Three themes were identified: Types of Support described the range of supports valued by participants in the studies, particularly education provided by competent healthcare professionals; The Support Relationship highlighted the importance of a collaborative relationship with one's healthcare professional which was characterised by communication, trust and continuity over time and Accessibility identified the considerations of participants relating to physically accessible, prompt support which is provided in a format preferred by the individual. Discussion Increased understanding of patients' preferences may provide insight which can be used to enhance engagement with self-management support. Further research needs to examine self-management support preferences outside the context of evaluating interventions for people with asthma/COPD and needs to address the optimal means of enhancing accessibility.