Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Lewis R.;Bolocan A.;Draper L.;Ross R.;Hill C.
2019
October
Viruses
The Effect of a Commercially Available Bacteriophage and Bacteriocin on Listeria monocytogenes in Coleslaw
Validated
WOS: 12 ()
Optional Fields
bacteriocin food safety Listeria monocytogenes phage
11
11
Changing consumer attitudes show an increased interest in non-chemical antimicrobials in food preservation and safety. This greater interest of consumers in more 'natural' or 'clean-label' food interventions is complicated by concurrent demands for minimally processed, ready-to-eat (RTE) foods with long shelf lives. Two viable interventions are bacteriophage (phage) and bacteriocins, a number of which have already been approved for use in food safety. Listeriosis is a serious foodborne infection which affects at-risk members of the population. Listeriosis incidence has increased between 2008 and 2015 and has a case fatality rate of up to 20% with antibiotic intervention. Here, we tested an intervention to attempt to control a pathogenic Listeria monocytogenes strain in a food model using two of these alternative antimicrobials. Phage P100 on its own had a significant effect on L. monocytogenes ScottA numbers in coleslaw over a 10-day period at 4 °C (p = 0.001). A combination of P100 and NisaplinŽ (a commercial formulation of the lantibiotic bacteriocin, nisin) had a significant effect on the pathogen (p = 0.001). P100 and NisaplinŽ in combination were more effective than NisaplinŽ alone, but not P100 alone.
1999-4915
10.3390/v11110977
Grant Details