Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Lwetoijera, D. W.,Harris, C.,Kiware, S. S.,Killeen, G. F.,Dongus, S.,Devine, G. J.,Majambere, S.
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Comprehensive sterilization of malaria vectors using pyriproxyfen: a step closer to malaria elimination
Optional Fields
Animals Anopheles/*drug effects Cattle Female Infertility/chemically induced Insect Vectors/*drug effects Juvenile Hormones/*pharmacology Malaria/*prevention & control Mosquito Control/*methods Pyridines/*pharmacology
One of the main challenges to malaria elimination is the resilience of vectors, such as Anopheles arabiensis, that evade lethal exposure to insecticidal control measures or express resistance to their active ingredients. This study investigated a novel technology for population control that sterilizes mosquitoes using pyriproxyfen, a juvenile hormone analogue. Females of An. arabiensis were released in a semifield system divided into four equal sections, and each section had a mud hut sheltering a tethered cow providing a blood source for mosquitoes. In all sections, the inner mud hut walls and roofs were lined with black cotton cloth. In one-half of the sections, the cloth was dusted with pyriproxyfen. An overwhelming 96% reduction in adult production was achieved in pyriproxyfen-treated sections compared with control sections. This unprecedented level of control can be exploited to design new vector control strategies that particularly target existing behaviorally resilient and insecticide-resistant populations.
1476-1645 (Electronic) 00
Grant Details