Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
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Twomey E.;Hill C.;Field D.;Begley M.
Journal Of Antibiotics
Bioengineered nisin derivative M17Q has enhanced activity against Staphylococcus epidermidis
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Antibacterial peptide Bacteriocin Bioengineered peptide Biofilm Medical device related infections Nisin Staphylococcus epidermidis
2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Staphylococcus epidermidis is frequently implicated in medical device-related infections. As a result of this, novel approaches for control of this opportunistic pathogen are required. We examined the ability of the natural peptide nisin A, produced by Lactococcus lactis, to inhibit S. epidermidis. In addition, a bank of 29 rationally selected bioengineered L. lactis strains were examined with the aim of identifying a nisin derivative with enhanced antimicrobial activity. Agar-based deferred antagonism assays revealed that wild type nisin A inhibited all 18 S. epidermidis strains tested. Larger zones of inhibition than those obtained from the nisin A producing L. lactis strain were observed for each derivative producer against at least one S. epidermidis strain tested. Six derivative producing strains, (VGA, VGT, SGK, M21A, M17Q, AAA), gave larger zones against all 18 strains compared to the wildtype producing strain. The enhanced bioactivity of M17Q was confirmed using well diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and a broth-based survival assays. Biofilm assays were performed with plastic microtiter plates and medical device substrates (stainless-steel coupons and three catheter materials). The presence of nisin A significantly reduce the amount of biofilm formed on all surfaces. M17Q was significantly better at reducing biofilm production than nisin A on plastic and stainless-steel. Finally, M17Q was significantly better than nisin A at reducing bacterial numbers in a simulated wound fluid. The findings of this study suggest that nisin and bioengineered derivatives warrant further investigation as potential strategies for the control of S. epidermidis.
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