Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Kowalski, Piotr S and Leus, Niek GJ and Scherphof, Gerrit L and Ruiters, Marcel HJ and Kamps, Jan AAM and Molema, Grietje
Iubmb Life
Targeted siRNA delivery to diseased microvascular endothelial cellsóCellular and molecular concepts
Optional Fields
Increased insight in the role of endothelial cells in the pathophysiology of cancer, inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases, has drawn great interest in pharmacological interventions aiming at the endothelium in diseased sites. Their location in the body makes them suitable targets for therapeutic approaches based on targeted drug delivery. Functional heterogeneity of the microvascular bed in normal organ homeostasis has been appreciated for a long time, and more recent studies have revealed heterogeneity in endothelial reactivity to inflammatory stimuli as well. Upon stimulation, each organ displays a vascular bed specific pattern of cell adhesion molecules providing challenging opportunities to deliver drugs or small RNAs to organ specific (micro)vascular endothelial subsets. In this review we introduce general concepts of endothelial heterogeneity in relation to disease state and its consequences for targeted therapeutic interventions. Furthermore, we will describe novel approaches to interfere with endothelial cell engagement in disease with a main focus on siRNA therapeutics and currently used nonviral lipid and polymer-based siRNA delivery systems. The last part of this review addresses some technical issues that are essential in proving the concept of target mRNA knock down in a vascular bed specific manner, and the further development of effective endothelial cell specific drug delivery devices. © 2011 IUBMB IUBMB Life, 2011
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