Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Monroe, April; Moore, Sarah; Okumu, Fredros; Kiware, Samson; Lobo, Neil F.; Koenker, Hannah; Sherrard-Smith, Ellie; Gimnig, John; Killeen, Gerry F.
Malaria Journal
Methods and indicators for measuring patterns of human exposure to malaria vectors
Optional Fields
Insecticide-treated nets Human-vector interaction Human-vector contact Exposure Residual malaria transmission Outdoor biting Outdoor transmission
Effective targeting and evaluation of interventions that protect against adult malaria vectors requires an understanding of how gaps in personal protection arise. An improved understanding of human and mosquito behaviour, and how they overlap in time and space, is critical to estimating the impact of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and determining when and where supplemental personal protection tools are needed. Methods for weighting estimates of human exposure to biting Anopheles mosquitoes according to where people spend their time were first developed over half a century ago. However, crude indoor and outdoor biting rates are still commonly interpreted as indicative of human-vector contact patterns without any adjustment for human behaviour or the personal protection effects of ITNs.
Grant Details