Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Mintz-Woo, K.; Leroux, J.
2021
November
Economics and Philosophy
What do climate change winners owe, and to whom?
Published
Optional Fields
climate change climate justice carbon tax polluter pays principle externality
37
3
462
483
Climate ethics have been concerned with polluter pays, beneficiary pays and ability to pay principles, all of which consider climate change as a single negative externality. This paper considers it as a constellation of externalities, positive and negative, with different associated demands of justice. This is important because explicitly considering positive externalities has not to our knowledge been done in the climate ethics literature. Specifically, it is argued that those who enjoy passive gains from climate change owe gains not to the net losers, but to the emitters, just as the emitters owe compensation to the net losers for the negative externality. This is defended by appeal to theoretical virtues and to the social benefits of generating positive externalities, even when those positive externalities are coupled with far greater negative externalities. We call this the Polluter Pays, Then Receives (‘PPTR', or ‘Peter') Principle.
Cambridge, UK
1474-0028
https://doi.org/10.1017/s0266267120000449
10.1017/s0266267120000449
Grant Details