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Noel, B and Perrad, B and Mandiki, SMN and Bister, JL and Paquay, R;
1999
Effects of season and phase of the estrous cycle on steroidogenesis and LH-FSH sensitivity of large ovine follicles perfused in vitro
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The aims of this study were to compare steroidogenesis (progesterone, androstenedione and estradiol production) and response to LH and FSH challenge by whole perifused follicles 4 to 5.5 mm in diameter, obtained at different periods of the breeding season (onset, middle, end), during anestrus and the luteal phase. We have observed that all follicles do not have the same steroidogenetic potential and do not respond with the same intensity to LH and FSH. At the middle of the breeding season, LH and FSH supplementation was ineffective in increasing progesterone secretion by follicles (0.19 +/- 0.05 vs 0.20 +/- 0.03 ng/mL). In contrast, gonadotrophin challenge elicited significant (P < 0.05) increases in androstenedione (0.94 +/- 0.34 vs 0.35 +/- 0.09 ng/mL) and estradiol (120 +/- 11 vs 49 +/- 10 pg/mL) production immediately after its administration. At the onset of the breeding season, steroidogenesis was identical under both basal and gonadotrophin-stimulated conditions unlike that in middle of the breeding season. However follicles were more sensitive to the gonadotrophin challenge in terms of estradiol production than those collected at the middle of the breeding season (220 +/- 45 vs 120 +/- 11 pg/mL). Follicles obtained at the end of the breeding season featured higher progesterone (2.61 +/- 0.81 vs 0.19 +/- 0.05 ng/mL; P < 0.05) and lower estradiol production (10 +/- 3 vs 49 +/- 10 pg/mL; P < 0.05) that was not influenced by LH and FSH. Basal androstenedione secretion was comparable to that observed at the middle of the breeding season (0.42 +/- 0.10 vs 0.35 rt 0.09 ng/mL), but the response to stimulation was significantly higher (1.82 +/- 0.61 vs 0.94 +/- 0.34 ng/mL; P < 0.05). In anoestrus and the luteal phase, follicles presented higher progesterone and androstenedione and lower estradiol concentrations (P < 0.05) compared with those obtained during the follicular phase at the middle of the breeding season. In the luteal phase, follicles remained capable of responding to LH-FSH challenge by increasing estradiol secretion (9 +/- 1 before and 21 +/- 6 pg/mL after LH-FSH; P < 0.05). In contrast, in the luteal phase, estradiol production was not increased by LH-FSH challenge (7 +/- 2 vs 12 +/- 4 pg/mL). (C) 1999 by Elsevier Science Inc.
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