Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Lloyd, Rhodri O.; O'Toole, John M.;Livingstone, Vicki ;Filan, Peter; Boylan, Geraldine B.
Archives of Disease In Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Can EEG accurately predict 2-year neurodevelopmental outcome for preterm infants?
WOS: 1 ()
Optional Fields
Amplitude-integrated EEG Premature-infants Brain-injury Neonatal EEG Bayley-III Electroencephalography Severity Children Seizures Sepsis
Objective Establish if serial multichannel video electroencephalography (EEG) in preterm infants can accurately predict 2-year neurodevelopmental outcome.Design and patients EEGs were recorded at three time points over the neonatal course for infants <32 weeks' gestational age (GA). Monitoring commenced soon after birth and continued over the first 3 days. EEGs were repeated at approximately 32 and 35 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA). EEG scores were based on an age-specific grading scheme. Clinical score of neonatal morbidity risk and cranial ultrasound imaging were completed.Setting Neonatal intensive care unit at Cork University Maternity Hospital Ireland.Main outcome measures Bayley Scales of Infant Development III at 2 years' corrected age.Results Sixty-seven infants were prospectively enrolled in the study and 57 had follow-up available (median GA 28.9 weeks (IQR 26.5-30.4)). Forty had normal outcome, 17 had abnormal outcome/died. All EEG time points were individually predictive of abnormal outcome; however, the 35-week EEG performed best. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for this time point was 0.91 (95% CI 0.83 to 1), p<0.001. Comparatively, the clinical course AUC was 0.68 (95% CI 0.54 to 0.80, p=0.015), while abnormal cranial ultrasound was 0.58 (95% CI 0.41 to 0.75, p=0.342).Conclusion Multichannel EEG is a strong predictor of 2year outcome in preterm infants particularly when recorded around 35 weeks' PMA. Infants at high risk of brain injury may benefit from early postnatal EEG recording which, if normal is reassuring. Postnatal dinical complications can contribute to poor outcome; therefore, we state that a later EEG around 35 weeks has a role to play in prognostication.
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