In 1995 six monks from Mt. Athos, Greece, founded a monastery in the Arizona desert. This thriving yet secluded monastic community has become the center of a nationwide movement in the Greek American community. Fr. Ephraim, who over four years has written more than 5,000 pages of music in English, a 900-page manual, and numerous articles, leads this movement, disseminating his material and ideas via an extensive website. This ethnographic study explores Fr. Ephraim’s efforts to negotiate religious, ethnic, and national identity, while examining in particular the significance of issues of language and musical style.