Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Kuniyoshi, TM;O'Connor, PM;Lawton, E;Thapa, D;Mesa-Pereira, B;Abulu, S;Hill, C;Ross, RP;Oliveira, RPS;Cotter, PD
2022
December
Gut microbes
An oxidation resistant pediocin PA-1 derivative and penocin A display effective anti-Listeria activity in a model human gut environment
Validated
WOS: 1 ()
Optional Fields
ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES IIA BACTERIOCINS MONOCYTOGENES PURIFICATION MECHANISMS EXPRESSION
14
Pediocin PA-1 is a class Ila bacteriocin that is particularly effective against the foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. The loss of activity of PA-1 pediocin due to methionine oxidation is one of the challenges that limit the wider application of the bacteriocin. In this study, we heterologously expressed an oxidation resistant form of pediocin PA-1, i.e., pediocin M31L, and compared its activity to that of native pediocin PA-1 and to penocin A, a pediocin-like bacteriocin that displays a narrower antimicrobial spectrum. Minimal inhibitory concentration assays revealed that pediocin M31L was as effective as PA-1 and more effective than synthetic penocin A against Listeria with negligible activity against a range of obligate anaerobic commensal gut bacterial species. The anti-Listeria activity of these pediocins was also assessed in a simulated human distal colon model assay using the L. monocytogenes, spiked at 6.5 +/- 0.13 Log CFU/mL, as a bioindicator. At 24 h, pediocin M31L and penocin A (2.6 mu M) reduced Listeria counts to 3.5 +/- 0.4 and 3.64 +/- 0.62 Log CFU/mL, respectively, whereas Listeria counts were consider-ably higher, i.e. 7.75 +/- 0.43 Log CFU/mL, in the non-bacteriocin-containing control. Ultimately, it was established that synthetic penocin A and the stable pediocin M31L derivative, heterologously produced, display effective anti-Listeria activity in a human gut environment.[GRAPHICS].
PHILADELPHIA
1949-0976
10.1080/19490976.2021.2004071
Grant Details