Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
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Desmond, A;O'Halloran, F;Cotter, L;Hill, C;Field, D
2022
November
Antibiotics-Basel
Bioengineered Nisin A Derivatives Display Enhanced Activity against Clinical Neonatal Pathogens
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B STREPTOCOCCAL DISEASE ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE SEPSIS ANTIBIOTICS INFECTIONS PEPTIDES THERAPY CLONE
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Neonatal infection is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in infants. The global incidence of multi-drug resistance continues to rise among neonatal pathogens, indicating a need for alternative treatment strategies. Nisin is an antimicrobial peptide that exhibits broad-spectrum activity against a wide variety of clinical pathogens and can be used in combination with antibiotics to improve their effectiveness. This study examined the activity of nisin and bioengineered derivatives against multi-drug resistant Streptococcus agalactiae and Staphylococcus capitis isolates and investigated the potential synergy between nisin peptides and selected antibiotics. Whole genome sequence analysis of the strains revealed the presence of multi-drug resistant determinants, e.g., macrolide, tetracycline, beta-lactam, aminoglycoside, while the S. agalactiae strains all possessed both nsr and nsrFP genes and the S. capitis strains were found to encode the nsr gene alone. Deferred antagonism assays demonstrated that nisin PV had improved antimicrobial activity against all strains tested (n = 10). The enhanced specific activity of this peptide was confirmed using minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) (0-4-fold lower MIC for nisin PV) and broth-based survival assays. Combinations of nisin peptides with antibiotics were assessed for enhanced antimicrobial activity using growth and time-kill assays and revealed a more effective nisin PV/ampicillin combination against one S. capitis strain while a nisin A/erythromycin combination displayed a synergistic effect against one S. agalactiae strain. The findings of this study suggest that nisin derivatives alone and in combination with antibiotics have potential as alternative antimicrobial strategies to target neonatal pathogens.
BASEL
2079-6382
10.3390/antibiotics11111516
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