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Albasha, N;McCullagh, R;Cornally, N;McHugh, S;Timmons, S
Implementation strategies supporting fall prevention interventions in a long-term care facility for older persons: a systematic review protocol
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Introduction Falls are common among older people in long-term care facilities (LCFs). Falls lead to significant morbidity, mortality and reduced quality of life among residents. Fall prevention interventions have been shown to reduce falls in LCFs. However, this may not always translate to effectiveness in real-world situations. We will conduct a systematic review (SR) to identify the implementation strategies used in fall prevention interventions in LCF, describing the effectiveness of strategies in terms of key implementation outcomes and fall reduction. Methods and analysis The search will include scientific papers in electronic databases, including PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Science, and published theses. The SR will consider all original research that empirically evaluated or tested implementation strategies to support fall prevention interventions in LCF, published in English or Arabic between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2021, where data are presented on the implementation strategy (eg, audit and feedback, champions) and/or implementation outcome (eg, fidelity). Clinical trials, quasi-experimental studies and quality improvement studies will be eligible for inclusion. Two researchers will complete abstract screening, data abstraction and quality assessments independently. The screening process will be presented using a Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses flow diagram. Data will be extracted into a standardised table, including the country, year, authors, type of study, primary clinical outcome (falls rate and/or risk reduction as available), implementation strategy and implementation outcomes. Implementation strategies will be defined and categorised using the Expert Recommendation for Implementing Change Taxonomy. Implementation outcomes will be defined and categorised using the Implementation Outcomes Taxonomy, and clinical outcomes of the intervention effectiveness for falls preventions will be reported as formulated in each study, with a final narrative synthesis of data. Ethics and dissemination Ethical approval is not required for this study, and the results will be disseminated via peer-reviewed journals and presented at international conferences. PROSPERO registration number CRD42021239604.
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