Book Chapter Details
Mandatory Fields
Mintz-Woo, K.
2023 November
Handbook of the Philosophy of Climate Change
Compensation Duties
Optional Fields
Beneficiary pays principle Burden-sharing Climate change Climate justice Compensation duties Distributive justice Ethics Global justice Loss and Damage Polluter pays principle
While mitigation and adaptation will help to protect us from climate change, there are harms that are beyond our ability to adapt. Some of these harms, which may have been instigated from historical emissions, plausibly give rise to duties of compensation. This chapter discusses several principles that have been discussed about how to divide climate duties – the polluter pays principle, the beneficiary pays principle, the ability to pay principle, and a new one, the polluter pays, then receives principle. The chapter introduces several challenges to these principles from the literature, before discussing which policies and institutions might be relevant to compensation, whether internationally (e.g., the Green Climate Fund) or intergenerationally (e.g., Broome and Foley’s World Climate Bank). It also describes some recent successful climate cases that require both the Dutch government and a private firm to act in accordance with climate targets to avoid potential rights violations. Finally, it discusses one of the most important international concepts with respect to compensation: the Loss & Damage pillar of climate policy.
Pellegrino, G,; Di Paola, M
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