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Alshaikh RA;Zaki RGE;Salah El Din RA;Ryan KB;Waeber C;
2023
May
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Siponimod as a novel inhibitor of retinal angiogenesis: in vitro and in vivo evidence of therapeutic efficacy.
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S1P receptors control endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and survival. Evidence of the ability of S1P receptor modulators to influence multiple endothelial cell functions suggests their potential use for antiangiogenic effect. The main purpose of our study was to investigate the potential of siponimod for the inhibition of ocular angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo We investigated the effects of siponimod on the metabolic activity (MTT assay), cell toxicity (LDH release), basal proliferation and growth factor induced proliferation (BrdU assay), and migration (transwell migration assay) of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMEC). The effects of siponimod on HRMEC monolayer integrity, and barrier function under basal conditions and TNF-a induced disruption were assessed using the trans-endothelial electrical resistance (TEER) and FITC-dextran permeability assays. Siponimod's effect on TNF-a induced distribution of barrier proteins in HRMEC was investigated using immunofluorescence. Finally, the effect of siponimod on ocular neovascularization in vivo was assessed using suture-induced corneal neovascularization in albino rabbits. Our results show that siponimod did not affect endothelial cell proliferation or metabolic activity, but significantly inhibited endothelial cell migration, increased HRMEC barrier integrity, and reduced TNF-a induced barrier disruption. Siponimod also protected against TNF-a induced disruption of claudin-5, ZO-1, and VE-cadherin in HRMEC. These actions are mainly mediated by S1PR1 modulation. Finally, siponimod prevented the progression of suture-induced corneal neovascularization in albino rabbits. In conclusion, the effects of siponimod on various processes known to be involved in angiogenesis support its therapeutic potential in disorders associated with ocular neovascularization. Significance Statement Siponimod is an extensively characterized S1P receptor modulator already approved for the treatment of multiple sclerosis. It inhibits retinal endothelial cell migration, potentiates endothelial barrier function, protects against TNF-a induced barrier disruption, and also inhibits suture-induced corneal neovascularization in rabbits. These results support its use for a novel therapeutic indication in the management of ocular neovascular diseases.
1521-0103
10.1124/jpet.122.001529
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