Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
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Anantha J;Wilson FE;McCarthy E;Morales-Prieto N;Mazzocchi M;Collins LM;Sullivan AM;O'Keeffe GW;
Journal Of Chemical Neuroanatomy
A combined proteomics and bioinformatics analysis of ZNHIT1-interacting proteins reveals a significant enrichment in proteins associated with mitochondrial function.
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Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) is the principal source of cellular energy, which is essential for neuronal health and maintenance. Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative disorders are characterised by impairments in mitochondrial function and reductions in cellular ATP levels. Thus there is a need to better understand the biology of intracellular regulators of ATP production, in order to inform the development of new neuroprotective therapies for diseases such as PD. One such regulator is Zinc finger HIT-domain containing protein 1 (ZNHIT1). ZNHIT1 is an evolutionarily-conserved component of a chromatin-remodelling complex, which has been recently shown to increase cellular ATP production in SH-SY5Y cells and to protect against impairments in mitochondrial function caused by alpha-synuclein, a protein which is integral to PD pathophysiology. This effect of ZNHIT1 on cellular ATP production is thought to be due to increased expression of genes associated with mitochondrial function, but it is also possible that ZNHIT1 regulates mitochondrial function by binding to mitochondrial proteins. To examine this question, we performed a combined proteomics and bioinformatics analysis to identify ZNHIT1-interacting proteins in SH-SY5Y cells. We report that ZNHIT1-interacting proteins are significantly enriched in multiple functional categories, including mitochondrial transport, ATP synthesis and ATP-dependent activity. Furthermore we also report that the correlation between ZNHIT1 and dopaminergic markers is reduced in the PD brain. These data suggest that the reported beneficial effects of ZNHIT1 on ATP production may be mediated, at least in part, by its direct interaction with mitochondrial proteins and suggest that potential alterations in ZNHIT1 in PD may contribute to the known impairments in ATP generation in midbrain dopaminergic neurons in PD.
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