Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Gallagher, A.,Chu-Shore, C. J.,Montenegro, M. A.,Major, P.,Costello, D. J.,Lyczkowski, D. A.,Muzykewicz, D.,Doherty, C.,Thiele, E. A.;
2009
Epilepsy Research
Associations between electroencephalographic and magnetic resonance imaging findings in tuberous sclerosis complex
Validated
()
Optional Fields
87
2-32-3
197
202197
Nearly 90% of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) develop epilepsy; however the mechanisms of epileptogenesis remain unclear. Some cortical tubers are thought to be epileptogenic while others are not. This study aimed to evaluate whether tuber burden, size or type seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) co-registers with interictal epileptiform discharges on electroencephalogram (EEG). EEG and MRI data from 69 patients with TSC were reviewed by dividing the cerebrum into four quadrants. Quadrants containing greatest tuber burden, largest tuber, calcified tubers, cyst-like tubers, and no tubers were identified on MRI. For EEG analysis, spikes and sharp waves were counted and averaged to a value per minute, and each quadrant was assigned a score. MRI and EEG findings were compared in each patient. The presence of a cyst-like tuber in a quadrant correlated with a higher incidence of epileptiform activity in the same quadrant (p = 0.002). This finding supports the notion that cyst-like cortical tubers may contribute to the more severe epilepsy profile seen in TSC patients with these lesions. Quadrants containing greatest tuber burden, largest tubers, and calcified tubers were not predictive of regional interictal epileptiform activity. Furthermore, quadrants without any apparent tuber co-registered with interictal epileptiform discharges in two patients, suggesting a multifactorial component of epileptogenicity in TSC. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.Nearly 90% of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) develop epilepsy; however the mechanisms of epileptogenesis remain unclear. Some cortical tubers are thought to be epileptogenic while others are not. This study aimed to evaluate whether tuber burden, size or type seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) co-registers with interictal epileptiform discharges on electroencephalogram (EEG). EEG and MRI data from 69 patients with TSC were reviewed by dividing the cerebrum into four quadrants. Quadrants containing greatest tuber burden, largest tuber, calcified tubers, cyst-like tubers, and no tubers were identified on MRI. For EEG analysis, spikes and sharp waves were counted and averaged to a value per minute, and each quadrant was assigned a score. MRI and EEG findings were compared in each patient. The presence of a cyst-like tuber in a quadrant correlated with a higher incidence of epileptiform activity in the same quadrant (p = 0.002). This finding supports the notion that cyst-like cortical tubers may contribute to the more severe epilepsy profile seen in TSC patients with these lesions. Quadrants containing greatest tuber burden, largest tubers, and calcified tubers were not predictive of regional interictal epileptiform activity. Furthermore, quadrants without any apparent tuber co-registered with interictal epileptiform discharges in two patients, suggesting a multifactorial component of epileptogenicity in TSC. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
0920-12110920-1211
://WOS:000273019500013://WOS:000273019500013
Grant Details