Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Monaghan, S,O'Mahony, A,Cherkaoui, K,O'Connor, E,Povey, IM,Nolan, MG,O'Connell, D,Pemble, ME,Hurley, PK,Provenzano, G,Crupi, F,Newcomb, SB;
Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B
Electrical analysis of three-stage passivated In0.53Ga0.47As capacitors with varying HfO2 thicknesses and incorporating an Al2O3 interface control layer
WOS: 34 ()
Optional Fields
The atomic layer deposition of high dielectric constant oxides like HfO2 on III-V substrates such as In0.53Ga0.47As leads to a poor interface, with the growth of In0.53Ga0.47As native oxides regardless of the surface pretreatment and passivation method. The presence of the native oxides leads to poor gate leakage current characteristics due to the low band gap of the native oxides and the presence of potential wells at the interface. In addition, the poor quality of this interface leads to very large interface state defect densities, which are detrimental to metal-oxide-semiconductor-based device performance. A wide band gap interlayer replacing the native oxide layer would remove the potential wells and provide a larger barrier to conduction. It may also assist in the improvement of the interface quality, but the problem remains as to how this native oxide interlayer cannot only be removed but prevented from regrowing. In this regard, the authors present electrical results showing that the atomic layer deposition (ALD) growth of a thin (similar to 1 nm) Al2O3 layer before the ALD growth of HfO2 causes a removal/reduction of the native oxides on the surface by a self-cleaning process without subsequent regrowth of the native oxides. As a result, there are significant improvements in gate leakage current densities, and significant improvements in the frequency dispersion of capacitance versus gate voltage, even when a defective In0.53Ga0.47As epitaxial layer on an InP substrate is employed. Measurements at different temperatures confirm that the frequency dispersion is mainly due to interface state defect responses and another weakly temperature dependent mechanism such as border traps, after accounting for the effects of nonideal In0.53Ga0.47As epitaxial layer growth defects where applicable. (c) 2011 American Vacuum Society. [DOI: 10.1116/1.3532826]
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