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Gottlob, HDB, Stefani, A, Schmidt, M, Lemme, MC, Kurz, H, Mitrovic, IZ, Werner, M, Davey, WM, Hall, S, Chalker, PR, Cherkaoui, K, Hurley, PK, Piscator, J, Engstrom, O, Newcomb, SB;
Gd Silicate: A High-K Dielectric Compatible With High Temperature Annealing
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The authors report on the investigation of amorphous Gd-based silicates as high-k dielectrics. Two different stacks of amorphous gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) and silicon oxide (SiO2) on silicon substrates are compared after annealing at temperatures up to 1000 degrees C. Subsequently formed metal oxide semiconductor capacitors show a significant reduction in the capacitance equivalent thicknesses after annealing. Transmission electron microscopy, medium energy ion scattering, and x-ray diffraction analysis reveal distinct structural changes such as consumption of the SiO2 layer and formation of amorphous Gd silicate. The controlled formation of Gd silicates in this work indicates a route toward high-k dielectrics compatible with conventional, gate first complementary metal-oxide semiconductor integration schemes. (C) 2009 American Vacuum Society. [DOI: 10.1116/1.3025904].
DOI 10.1116/1.3025904
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