Objective To evaluate experience with interstitial laser therapy for intrafetal vascular ablation in monochorionic (MC) Multiple pregnancy..
Methods MC pregnancies that underwent fetal reduction between 1998 and 2007 by interstitial laser therapy were reviewed. Indications were twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAP) (n = 10), twin-to-twin transfusion (6), discordant abnormality (7) or growth (1) and high-order multiples (6)..
Results Thirty pregnancies treated at 15 weeks (median, range: 11 weeks-20 weeks, 5 days) had no technical failures but four manifested procedure-related amniorrhexis. Four of 38 remaining fetuses suffered intrauterine death (IUFD) within 24 h, giving an early procedure-related fetal loss rate of 10% per pregnancy and 11% per fetus. A further five IUFDs occurred within 2 weeks, giving a maximum procedure-related loss rate of 27% per pregnancy and 24% per fetus. Median gestation at delivery was 37 weeks (18 weeks, 1 day-41 weeks, 3 days) for pregnancies continuing >2 weeks. Perinatal survival was 26 of 38 (68%) in nonreduced fetuses. Two of 26 neonates (8%) were diagnosed with aplasia cutis congenita (ACC)..
Conclusion Interstitial laser therapy in complicated MC pregnancies carries significant risks of unintended fetal loss and may be associated with ACC. Copyright (C) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd..