Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Coakley, M, Barrett, E, Murphy, JJ, Ross, RP, Devery, R, Stanton, C;
Journal of Dairy Science
Cheese Manufacture With Milk With Elevated Conjugated Linoleic Acid Levels Caused By Dietary Manipulation
Optional Fields
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of dietary supplementation of cows on pasture with sunflower oil for conjugated linoleic acid ( cis-9, trans-11 CLA) enrichment of milk, for the production of CLA-enriched cheese. A group of 40 autumn-calving dairy cows were assigned to either a control group ( indoor feeding on grass silage ad libitum and 6 kg/d of a typical indoor concentrate) or an experimental group ( on pasture, being fed 6 kg of a supplement containing 100 g/kg of sunflower oil per d). These diets were fed for 16 d, during which time milk was collected for pilot-scale hard cheese manufacture. The pasture-based diet with sunflower oil resulted in a significant effect on the milk fatty acid CLA content. The concentration of cis-9, trans-11 CLA in the milk produced from cows on this diet increased to 2.22 g/100 g of fatty acid methyl esters ( FAME) after 14 d, compared with 0.46 g/100 g of FAME in milk produced on the control indoor diet. The content of cis-9, trans-11 CLA in the cheese manufactured from the indoor control milk was 0.78 g/100 g of FAME and that from the pasture-based sunflower oil milk was 1.93 g/100 g of FAME. The cheese was assessed during the ripening period and CLA concentrations were stable throughout the 6 mo of ripening. Other cheese variables ( microbiology, composition, flavor, free AA) were monitored during the ripening period, and the cheese with the elevated CLA concentrations compared favorably with the control cheese. Thus, a pasture-based diet supplemented with an oil source rich in linoleic acid resulted in an enhanced CLA content of bovine milk fat, compared with an indoor grass silage-based diet..
DOI 10.3168/jds.2006-584
Grant Details