Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
M. Ryou, P. Cantillon-Murphy, D. Azagury, S.N. Shaikh, G Ha, I. Greenwalt, M.B. Ryan, J.H. Lang, C.C. Thompson;
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Smart Self-Assembling MagnetS for ENdoscopy (SAMSEN) for transoral endoscopic creation of immediate gastrojejunostomy (with video)
Optional Fields

BACKGROUND: Gastrojejunostomy is important for palliation of malignant gastric outlet obstruction and surgical obesity procedures. A less-invasive endoscopic technique for gastrojejunostomy creation is conceptually attractive. Our group has developed a compression anastomosis technology based on endoscopically delivered self-assembling magnets for endoscopy (SAMSEN) to create an instant, large-caliber gastrojejunostomy.

OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate an endoscopic means of gastrojejunostomy creation by using SAMSEN.

SETTING: Developmental laboratory and animal facility.

DESIGN: Animal study and human cadaveric study.

SUBJECTS: Yorkshire pigs (7 cadaver, 5 acute); human (1 cadaver).

INTERVENTIONS: A transoral procedure for SAMSEN delivery was developed in porcine and human cadaver models. Subsequently, gastrojejunostomy creation by using SAMSEN was performed in 5 acute pigs. The endoscope was advanced into the peritoneal cavity through the gastrotomy, and a segment of the small bowel was grasped and pulled closer to the stomach. An enterotomy was created, and a custom overtube was advanced into the small bowel for deployment of the first magnetic assembly. Next, a reciprocal magnetic assembly was deployed in the stomach. The 2 magnetic systems were mated under fluoroscopic and endoscopic guidance. Contrast studies assessed for gastrojejunostomy leak. Immediate necropsies were performed.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Technical feasibility and complications.

RESULTS: Gastrojejunostomy creation by using SAMSEN was successful in all 5 animals. Deep enteroscopy was performed through the stoma without difficulty. No leaks were identified on contrast evaluation. At necropsy, the magnets were properly deployed and robustly coupled together, resistant to vigorous tissue manipulation.

LIMITATIONS: Acute animal study.

CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic creation of immediate gastrojejunostomy by using SAMSEN is technically feasible.
Grant Details