Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Casey, G.,Cashman, J. P.,Morrissey, D.,Whelan, M. C.,Larkin, J. O.,Soden, D. M.,Tangney, M.,O'Sullivan, G. C.;
2010
March
Sonoporation mediated immunogene therapy of solid tumors
Validated
()
Optional Fields
36
33
430
40430
Development of gene-based therapies for the treatment of inherited and acquired diseases, including cancer, has seen renewed interest in the use of nonviral vectors coupled to physical delivery modalities. Low-frequency ultrasound (US), with a well-established record in a clinical setting, has the potential to deliver DNA efficiently, accurately and safely. Optimal in vivo parameters for US-mediated delivery of naked plasmid DNA were established using the firefly luciferase reporter gene construct. Optimized parameters were used to administer a therapeutic gene construct, coding for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and B7-1 costimulatory molecule, to growing murine fibrosarcoma tumors. Tumor progression and animal survival was monitored throughout the study and the efficacy of the US-mediated gene therapy determined and compared with an electroporation-based approach. Optimal parameters for US-mediated delivery of plasmid DNA to tumors were deduced to be 1.0 W/cm(2) at 20% duty cycle for 5 min (60 J/cm(2)). In vivo US-mediated gene therapy resulted in a 55% cure rate in tumor-bearing animals. The immunological response invoked was cell mediated, conferring resistance against re-challenge and resistance to tumor challenge after transfer of splenocytes to naive animals. US treatment was noninjurious to treated tissue, whereas therapeutic efficacy was comparable to an electroporation-based approach. US-mediated delivery of an immune-gene construct to growing tumors was therapeutically effective. Sonoporation has the potential to be a major factor in the development of nonviral gene delivery approaches.Development of gene-based therapies for the treatment of inherited and acquired diseases, including cancer, has seen renewed interest in the use of nonviral vectors coupled to physical delivery modalities. Low-frequency ultrasound (US), with a well-established record in a clinical setting, has the potential to deliver DNA efficiently, accurately and safely. Optimal in vivo parameters for US-mediated delivery of naked plasmid DNA were established using the firefly luciferase reporter gene construct. Optimized parameters were used to administer a therapeutic gene construct, coding for granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and B7-1 costimulatory molecule, to growing murine fibrosarcoma tumors. Tumor progression and animal survival was monitored throughout the study and the efficacy of the US-mediated gene therapy determined and compared with an electroporation-based approach. Optimal parameters for US-mediated delivery of plasmid DNA to tumors were deduced to be 1.0 W/cm(2) at 20% duty cycle for 5 min (60 J/cm(2)). In vivo US-mediated gene therapy resulted in a 55% cure rate in tumor-bearing animals. The immunological response invoked was cell mediated, conferring resistance against re-challenge and resistance to tumor challenge after transfer of splenocytes to naive animals. US treatment was noninjurious to treated tissue, whereas therapeutic efficacy was comparable to an electroporation-based approach. US-mediated delivery of an immune-gene construct to growing tumors was therapeutically effective. Sonoporation has the potential to be a major factor in the development of nonviral gene delivery approaches.
1879-291X (Electronic) 03
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=20133039http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=20133039
Grant Details