Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Scully, NM,Ashu-Arrah, BA,Nagle, AP,Omamogho, JO,O'Sullivan, GP,Friebolin, V,Dietrich, B,Albert, K,Glennon, JD;
Rna-A Publication of The Rna Society
Silica hydride intermediate for octadecylsilica and phenyl bonded phase preparation via heterogeneous hydrosilation in supercritical carbon dioxide
Optional Fields
Supercritical carbon dioxide Supercritical functionalisation Silica hydride Hydrosilation Endcapping Green chemistry SOLID-STATE NMR STATIONARY PHASES LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY REACTIVE SILICA SURFACE HPLC CO2 ORGANOSILANES FLUIDS ALKYL
Investigations into the preparation of silica hydride intermediate in supercritical carbon dioxide (sc-CO2) that avoids the use of organic solvents such as toluene or dioxane are described. The effects of reaction temperature, pressure and time on the surface coverage of the supercritical fluid generated silica hydride intermediate were studied. Under optimised supercritical conditions of 120 degrees C. 483 bar and 3 h reaction time, silica hydride (Si-H) conversion efficiencies oral. 40% were achieved for the hydride intermediate prepared from a monofunctional silane reagent (dimethylmethoxysilane). Si-H conversion efficiencies (as determined from Si-29 CP-MAS NMR spectral analysis) for the hydride intermediate prepared from triethoxysilane (TES) in sc-CO2 were found to be comparable to those obtained using a TES silanisation approach in an organic solvent. C-13 and Si-29 CP-MAS-NMR spectroscopy was employed to provide a complete structural assignment of the silica hydride intermediates. Furthermore, supercritical CO2 was subsequently employed as a reaction medium for the heterogenous hydrosilation of silica hydride with octadecene and with styrene, in the presence of a free radical initiator. These supercritical fluid generated reversed-phase materials were prepared in a substantially reduced reaction time (3 h) compared to organic solvent based methods (100 h reaction time). Silica functionalisation in sc-CO2 presents an efficient and clean alternative to organic solvent based methods for the preparation of important silica hydride intermediate and silica bonded stationary phases via a hydrosilation approach. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.chroma.2010.11.046
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